Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea (meaning "no breath") is a sleep disorder, characterized by repetitive breathing pauses in sleep that last from 10 seconds to several minutes. These interruptions in breathing can occur up to hundreds of times a night, causing sleep interruption and repeated falls in blood oxygen levels. This results in poor sleep quality and may lead to a variety of serious health consequences. Sleep Apnea is one of the leading causes of excessive daytime sleepiness. Many people suffering with Sleep Apnea are unaware of their condition and remain undiagnosed.

There are 3 main types of Sleep Apnea:

The severity of Sleep Apnea is measured by number of apneas and hypopneas occurring per 1 hour. The numeric index (AHI) may be mild (5-15 events/hour), moderate (15-30 events/hour) or severe (30+ events/hour).

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common form of apnea occurring when muscles controlling the soft tissues in your throat, such as the tongue and soft palate, relax and collapse. This causes the upper airways to be partially or completely blocked when asleep. Loud snorts or snoring with elements of gasping for breath and choking may terminate periods of silence caused by OSA.

normal breathing

Normal breathing

partial obstruction

Snoring - partial obstruction of the airway

osa - complete obstruction

OSA - complete obstruction of the airway

cpap therapy

CPAP therapy - restores your normal breathing

Sleep Apnea Symptoms and signs

  • Snoring
  • Pauses in breathing (Person may be unaware-usually reported by the bed partner)
  • Gasping or choking during sleep (Person may wake self up)
  • Daytime sleepiness, chronic fatigue, not feeling refreshed in the morning
  • Dry or sore throat upon awakening
  • Fragmented/Restless sleep
  • Morning headaches
  • High Blood Pressure (hypertension)

Other Sleep Apnea Common Signs and Symptoms

  • Mood swings, irritability, depression
  • Poor concentration, decreased attention, memory loss
  • Lack of energy and decreased performance at work
  • Sexual dysfunction; decreased libido
  • Large neck size
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Frequent urination at night (nocturia)
  • Impaired alertness while driving
  • History of heart attack or stroke

Health Risks of Untreated Sleep Apnea?

  • Heart disease/Heart attack/Stroke
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Fatigue-related Motor Vehicle and Work accidents
  • Impotence
  • Death

Who is at Risk?

Sleep Apnea occurs in both sexes, all age groups, including children but is more common in men.

  • 1 in 5 adults has at least mild Sleep Apnea
  • 42 million Americans have Sleep Apnea
  • 80% of these are unaware of their condition and remain undiagnosed
  • 25% of men and 9% of middle-aged women suffer from Sleep Apnea

The Risk of having Sleep Apnea is higher with the following:

  • Male or post-menopausal female
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Large neck size (more than 17" for men and 16" for women)
  • Large tonsils, tongue or uvula
  • History of High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Stroke or Heart Attack
  • Excessive use of alcohol, sedatives and antihistamines
  • Family history of Sleep Apnea

If you think you may have a Sleep Apnea or are experiencing any of the above symptoms, we recommend that you see your physician immediately.

If you require help in arranging a Sleep Study, please Contact Us

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Thursday: 9:00AM - 6:00PM

Friday: 9:00AM - 6:00PM

Saturday: 10:00AM-4:00PM

Benefits of

  • Reduce the risk of stroke, heart and blood pressure problems
  • Decrease blood glucose levels by decreasing insulin resistance
  • Reduce feelings of daytime fatigue and sleepiness
  • Decrease oxidative stress and inflammation in the body
  • Improve the patient and their bed partners quality of life
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